Independent initiatives can also be more agile in using newly available data and transparency innovations in real-time information systems. An example of this is the ‘Rapid Response Monitoring System’ of NGO Mighty Earth that each month combines satellite imagery with supply chain data along with targeted local investigations to alert agribusinesses in the palm oil, soy and cattle sector about their exposure to new cases of deforestation. Some of these innovations may then be integrated into institutional information systems to make them more dynamic and responsive.
Situation 2. There is a discrepancy between the quality of the data used in the official data platform (Step 5) and what non-state actors would consider as best available data. Independent validation of official datasets generated through remote sensing or other innovative methods can be useful.
Situation 3. The risk management mechanism negotiated creates reporting obligations to supply chain actors (e.g. mandatory disclosure of farm-level traceability information in high-risk places) that involve confidential or sensitive information. In that case, the information may be disclosed only to a mandated independent observer, tasked by the government to verify the information provided and to hold the supply chain actors accountable.